Journal of Educational and Psychological Studies (JEPS) is a refereed periodical issued by Sultan Qaboos University. It is concerned with publishing original research that has originality of thought, clarity of methodology, and accurateness of documentation, in curricula and teaching methods, educational psychology and educational administration. The journal also publishes reports about conferences and symposia, reviews of recently published educational and psychological books and synopses of university dissertations in different fields of education. JEPS is published in Arabic and/or in English.




Volume 11 issue 3 (2017) New

Volume 11 issue 2 (2017)  

Volume 11 issue 1 (2017)  





Volume 10 issue 4 (2016)  

Volume 10 issue 3 (2016)

Volume 10 issue 2 (2016)  

Volume 10 issue 1 (2016) 





Volume 9 issue 4 (2015)  

Volume 9 issue 3 (2015)  

Volume 9 issue 2 (2015)  


Volume 9 issue 1 (2015)





Volume 8 issue 4 (2014) 

Volume 8 issue 3 (2014) 

Volume 8 issue 2 (2014) 

Volume 8 issue 1 (2014) 






Volume 7 issue 4 (2013)  

Volume 7 issue 3 (2013) 

Volume 7 issue 2 (2013)

Volume 7 issue 1 (2013)



Volume 6 issue 3 (2012)

Volume 6 issue 2 (2012) 

Volume 6 issue 1 (2012)




Volume 5 issue 2 (2011)


Volume 5 issue 1 (2011)




Volume 4 issue 2 (2010)


Volume 4 Issue 1 (2010)





Volume 3 Issue 2 (2009)


Volume 3 Issue 1 (2009)


Academic Publication Board


Prof. Amer Ali Al-Rawas, Chairman

Prof. Mohamed Khaoua

Prof. Mohammad S. Khan

Prof. Maher M. Abu Hilal

Prof. Khaled Day

Prof. Lamk M. Al Lamki

Prof. Boualem Belkacemi

Mr. Ali Al-Hadhrami

Dr. Michel R. Claereboudt

Editorial Board


Prof. Maher M. Abu Hilal


Prof. Abdulqawi S. Al-Zubaidi


Prof. Salha A. Essan

Prof. Ali M. Kadhim

Prof. Abdullah K. Ambusaidi

Dr. Ali S. Al Mosawi

Dr. Ali M. Ibrahim

Dr. Ahmad H. Al Rabaani

Dr. Wajeha T. Al Ani

Dr. Mohamed A. Osman

Dr. Mohamed A. Al Ayasra

Dr. Sulyman A. Al Shuaili

Dr. Hussain A. Al Kharusi

Mrs. Intisar Nasser (Editorial Assistant)

International Advisory Board

Prof. Dennis McInerney, Hong Kong Institute of Education, China

Prof. Ahmad Audeh, Yarmouk University, Jordan

Prof. Fahed Al Dulaim, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Prof. Shaker A. Sulaiman, Egyptian Academy of Arts, Egypt

Prof. Vivian Khamis, American University, Beirut

Prof. SalhaSunqur, Damascus University, Syria

Prof. Ahmad Bustan, Kuwait University, Kuwait

Prof. AbduRahman Al-Tariri, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Prof. Mohamed Ally, Athabasca University, Canada




Copyright © 2015by Sultan Qaboos University Journal of Educational and Psychological Studies. All rights reserved. The Journal is not responsible for opinions printed in its publications; they represent the views of the individuals to whom they are credited and are not binding to the Journal.

Annual subscriptions are payable in advance in Omani Riyals or US Dollars. Oman R.O. 15/-. Outside Oman US $50. All correspondence should be addressed to the Journal office at Sultan Qaboos University, College of Education, P.O. Box. 32, Muscat 123, Sultanate of Oman- Tel.: (00968) 24143868 Fax: (00968) 24143817- Email: jesedu@squ.edu.om

Printed at Sultan Qaboos University Press.


Instructions to Authors



Submitted manuscripts are sent to specialized referees for review. A manuscript will be accepted after all revisions are made as requested by referees. Authors are responsible for the content of their manuscripts and ideas and opinions in published manuscripts are of the authors and not the editorial board or SQU. Each manuscript is initially reviewed by the editorial board to decide its credibility and adherence to the journal style. The editorial board reserves the right to reject a manuscript without providing a justification.

Manuscripts that don’t adhere to the following instructions will be automatically returned to authors.

1. An electronic copy of the manuscript using Microsoft Word can be submitted via email to: jesedu@squ.edu.om

   - Manuscripts in Arabic must use a (12) font size Simplified Arabic (SA) with (2) cm top, bottom and left margins and a (3) cm right margin with 1.5 line spacing.

   - Manuscripts in English must use a (12) font size Times New Roman with (2) cm top, bottom and right margins and a (3) cm left margin.

2. The manuscript should not exceed 8000 words including the graphs, references, and tables. Number of tables in a manuscript should not exceed 7 tables.

3. A manuscript should not have been published or submitted to another journal; the authors attest that they don’t submit their manuscript to other journals before a decision is       made for their manuscript. Authors should confirm that they have read the instructions and have adhered to them.

4. The manuscript should not be part of a published book.

5. Authors should not publish their manuscripts in any other journal once it is accepted by JEPS unless a written consent is issued by the editor-in –chief.

6. The journal retains the copyright.

7. All manuscripts must include Arabic and English abstracts containing a maximum of 200 words each along with keywords which will help readers to search through related         databases.

8. All references must be documented throughout the research and in the bibliography using the APA (The American Psychological Association) Style. Arabic references come       first followed by English references. Manuscripts that don't follow APA format will be returned to the authors directly.

9. JEPS reserves the right to ask the author(s) to omit, reformulate or re-word his/her manuscript or any part thereof in a manner that conforms to the publication policy.

10. Authors are to be informed about the results within three to six months.

11. Priorities and order of publication are subject to technical considerations.

JEPS publishes:


1. Original empirical research,

2. Qualitative research,

3. Book reviews,

4.       Critical review studies.



References should be presented in accordance with the following APA examples:

a- Book )one author(:

       Ellis, R. (2003). Task-based language learning & teaching. New York: Oxford University Press.

       In-Text: Ellis (2003) or (Ellis, 2003)

B- Book )two or more authors(

      Strunk, W., Jr.  & White, E.B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd Ed.). New York: Macmillan

In-Text: (two authors):

Strunk and White (1979)or (Strunk & White, 1979)

In-Text (three or more authors):

Strunk, White, & Smith (1979) or (Strunk, White & Smith, 1979)

In-Text (subsequent references):

Strunk et al. (1979) or (Strunk et al., 1979)

  C- Chapters in an edited volum 

Abu Hilal, M. (2008). Motivation, attributions of academic experiences & achievement among Arab students within a socio-cultural context. In T. O. Seng, D. M. McInerney, A. D. Liem, & T. Ai-Girl (Eds.) Research in Multicultural Education & International Perspectives (Vol. 7, pp. 217-244). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

      In text: Abu-Hilal (2008) or (Abu-Hilal, 2008)

D- Conference proceedings:   

Pica, T., Washburn, G., Evans, B., & Jo, V. (1998). Negative feedback in content-based second language classroom interaction: How does it contribute to second language learning? Paper presented at the Annual Pacific Second Language Research Forum, Tokyo, Japan.

E- Unpublished dissertations:

Boyd-Kletzander, R. (2000). Student responsibility in a whole language classroom. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.

F- Journal Article )one author(

Abu-Hilal, M. (2000) A structural model of attitudes toward school subjects, academic aspiration & achievement. Educational Psychology, 20, 75-84.



         Abu-Hilal (2000) or (Abu-Hilal, 2000)

G- Journal Article )two authors(

Atkinson, R.C., &Shiffrin, R.M. (1971). The control of short-term memory. Scientific American, 225, 82-90.


       In-Text (two authors):

       Atkinson and Shiffrin (1971) or (Atkinson &Shiffrin, 1971).

       In-Text (three to five authors):

Smith, Zapplla, Rosen, Gustman& Rock (1194), or (Smith, Zappella, Rosen, Gustman, & Rock, 1994).

       In-Text (six or more authors):  or In-Text (subsequent references):

        Smith et al. (1994) or (Smith et al., 1994).

H- Magazine Article )one author(

Kuel, E. R. (2000, November 10). Neuroscience: Breaking down scientific barriers to the study of brain & mind. Science, 290, 1113-1120.


       Kuel(2000) or (Kuel, 2000).

I- Newspaper Article ) nO author(

       Amazing Amazon region. (1989, January 12). New York Times, p. D11.


       "Amazing Amazon Region," (1989).

J- Specific Internet Site

Electronic reference formats recommended by the American Psychological Association. (2000, October 12). Retrieved January 3, 2001 from http://www.apa.org/journals/jwebref.html


        American Psychological Association [APA](2000)

       In-Text (subsequent references):

       APA (2000) or (APA, 2000).

K- Electronic Article )Journal Article found in a database(

Jacobson, J.W., Mulick, J.A., & Schwartz, A.A. (1995). A history of facilitated communication: Science, pseudoscience, &antiscience. American Psychologist, 50, 750-765. Retrieved January 12, 2001, from PsycARTICLES database.

      In text:

      Jacobson, Mulickand Schwartz (1995) or (Jacobson, Mulick, & Schwartz, 1995); Jacobson, et al. (1995), or (Jacobson et al., 1995) in subsequent references.