Pictures of all equipments with description provided below:

Inductively couples plasma – optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) axial ICP from Varian (710-ES). 

Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence from Ragiku (Supermini 200) using a palladium X-ray source at an input power of 200 W (50 kV) for solid and liquid sample analysis

Electrokinetic analyzer from Anton Paar (SurPass) used for measuring zeta potential, streaming current and streaming potentials of membranes and other solid porous surfaces.

 

Gamry “Interface-1000” electrochemical analyzer for cyclic voltammetry and electrical impedance spectroscopy measurements.

 

Rikagu “Miniflex 600” desktop X-ray diffraction (XRD) machine. 

 

Perkin Elmer “Frontier” Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for surface chemical property analysis

 

Xigo “Nanotools” nuclear magnetic resonance based surface area analyzer.

 

CILAS “Nano DS” particle size analyzer based on dual light scattering principle using 638 nm red laser (25 mW). Static and dynamic scan modes available.

 

Agilent 7890B gas chromatogram with Agilent 5977A mass spectrophotometer (MS) and flame ionization detector (FID).

 

PSS.NICOMP (380 ZLS) colloidal zeta potential analyzer based on electrophoretic light scattering (ELS) technique. 

 

Perkin Elmer Lambda-25 UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

 

Perkin Elmer LS-55 Fluorescence Spectrophotometer

 

Attension Biolin Scientific Water Contact Angle (WCA) measurement system

 

Mantech PeCOD Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analyzer

 

Solar simulator (AM 1.5 light source)

 

Horiba XploRA Raman Spectrophotometer

 

Perkin Elmer STA 6000 TGA/DTA/DSC system

 

Carl Zeiss Fluorescence Microscope

 

Membrane test unit

 

Layer-by-Layer (LBL) dip coater

 

Inovenso Nanospinner electrospinning machine

 

C-THERM thermal conductivity measurement machine

 

High pressure autoclave unit

 

Labfreez freeze dryer