Seed Bank is a facility used to store seeds of various plants as a means of conserving plant species. It is becoming one of the most widespread and valuable ex situ approaches to maintain biodiversity. Seeds are a convenient tool of long-term storage of genetic diversity and generally the optimum conditions for storage depending on the species. Typically, seeds of many species are remain viable for more than 20 years if they maintained at a constant temperature of 0°C or below and at 4% moisture. However, because seed DNA degrades with time, the seeds need to be periodically replanted and fresh seeds collected for another round of long-term storage
Seed Bank Objectives:
- Conserve important heritage piece of Omani wild plants by storing seeds especially of native and endangered species.
- To achieve genetic resources conservation at the community level of the rare and threatened native species from getting extinct.
- Provide a further seed supply source for educational and research purposes.
- To engage in seed varietal improvement through farmer’s selection, as well as multiplication, maintenance and propagation of seeds.