( Comunication and Information Research )
The ultimate objective of analytical science is the detection of very low concentrations of analytes in complex matrices. However, two points needed to be taken into consideration while achieving this important objective, the speed of analysis and reagents consumptions. To achieve the stated objectives and taking the two points mention above into consideration, the research group set a strategy to resolve some of challenging problems facing the national and international society. The corner stone of the strategy is based on the luminescence techniques (chemiluminescence and fluorescence). These techniques are known to be highly sensitive with good selectivity for detecting various types of analysts in complex mixtures such as biological, environmental and food samples. The group focuses on developing new and highly sensitive fluorogenic labels and novel chemiluminescnce systems. The instrumental platform for these highly sensitive luminescence systems is based on flow systems. Earlier, the group was using flow and sequential injection analysis. However, with the development of miniaturized flow systems like lab on a chip and microfluidics, the group shifted the platform to these microsystems. The group strongly believes that miniaturization is the direction towards which chemistry will be going. This is because miniaturization of analytical systems reduces the hazard waste generated and increase the speed of analysis significantly. In May 2009, The research group successfully obtained His Majesty (HM) Grant for a project entitled "Developing Microfluidic Systems for Routine Analysis of Pharmaceutical Samples" with a budget of 80000 RO. The group established the first research laboratory in the field of microfluidics at SQU and in the Gulf region. Additionally, the grant helped a great deal in creating an excellent research environment and a strong research group. The group presented eight scientific papers in international conferences and published eight papers in international journals. Additionally, the group participated in Oman innovation fair in 2011 and received award for the best innovation in the exhibition. These heavy research activities requested further investment and an extension for a year was granted with a budget of 10,000 O.R. In June 2011, the group submitted a new research proposal to TRC. The research utilizes microfluidics as an efficient mixing device as a chemiluminescence detection system for a capillary-HPLC. The mixing device was developed successfully earlier in the HM funded project. The project was highly appreciated by the referees and based on their comments, the TRC accepted to fund the project with a budget of 143,600 O. R for three years duration (2012-2015). In 2016 the group was able to attract another major HM grant for developing miniaturized analytical systems for determination of antioxidants in Omani Honey and fruit samples.
( College of Science, Department of Mathematic and Statistics)
FracDiff group is a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented research group constituted of junior and senior researchers including local and international members with expertise in the theory and computation of fractional differential equations (FDEs) and their applications.
Recent studies and experiments in various fields have shown the limitation of the classical theory of differential equations in describing phenomena that are non-local in time and/or space. This led to the birth of new field of studies, namely anomalous systems which are governed by FDE.
Fractional differential models have received considerable attention in recent years, from both practical and theoretical points of view, due to their great efficiency in capturing the dynamics of physical processes involving anomalous diffusion and transport phenomena.
Among other problems arising in transport mechanisms, Diffusion represents interesting phenomena. The classical diffusion theory resides on the assumption that the underlying particle motion is Brownian, which predicts a linear growth with time for the mean squared deviation of the particle displacement. However, recent studies and experiments have shown that the corresponding mathematical model is governed by an integro-differential equation modeling anomalous diffusion, instead of the usual diffusion equation.
Recently, several numerical methods have been proposed with different types of spatial and temporal discretizations. The main challenges in designing robust numerical schemes and in carrying out a rigorous error analysis stems from the non-locality of the fractional-order derivatives, and the associated limited smoothing properties.
FracDiff research group will contribute to the field of fractional differential equations by studying the theory, modeling and computation of various problems.
Our research interest is to study questions related to existence, stability, convergence and efficient computational methods for various non-linear fractional differential models. Thereby, we explore and apply the obtained results to ground water modeling, viscoelastic, non-Newtonian fluids, direct and inverse problems.
Mohammad Mansur Rahman
(College of Sceince, Department of Mathematics and Statistics )
In the past era, rapid advances in nanotechnology have created quite a lot of prospect for the scientists and engineers to going over. Nanofluid is one of the amazing significances of such advancement. Nanofluids are engineered by suspending nanoparticles in traditional heat transfer fluids. Nanofluids are considered to offer important advantages over conventional heat transfer fluids. Nanofluids have novel properties that make them potentially useful in many applications of heat transfer including microelectronics, automotive, fuel cells, and hybrid-power engines, advanced nuclear systems, and pharmaceutical processes, and nano-drug delivery. They exhibit enhanced thermal conductivity, minimal clogging in flow passage, long term stability and homogeneity compared to the base fluid. Nanoparticles are relatively close in size to the molecules of the base fluid, and thus can realize very stable suspensions with little gravitational settling over long periods of time. Over the years, many industries facing thermal challenges have a pressing need for ultrahigh-performance cooling. Therefore, manufacturers began to employed nanofluids for industrial cooling result in great energy savings and resulting emissions reductions. Because of the wide range of applications of nanofluids significant research interest has been carried out in recent years to the researchers to study heat transfer characteristics of these fluids. The study of nanofluids provides one of the new challenges for thermo-science. Nanotechnology plays an imperative role in the development of the modern devices for practical use. One very important aspect of nanotechnology concerns the heating, cooling and cleanliness of nano-devices because it is crucial for proper functionality of these thermally sensitive devices. We plan to address this aspect by investigating the convective heat transfer mechanism in nanofluids along with deposition of nanoparticles due to various slip mechanisms with different flow and thermal conditions in numerous geometries. The natural convective flows in nanofluid saturated porous cavities taking into account the Darcy–Boussinesq approximation are also very good and interesting topics for practical applications. The mathematical model governing the nanofluid problem will be examined analytically and/ or simulated numerically. The results will be interpreted physically from engineering view point and their relevant implications need to be identified. The research group examines a number of relevant aspects of nanofluids, and this allows the training a number of personnel at different levels of education such as undergraduate, Master and Ph.D. This does not only allow the right number of personnel for executing the project but more importantly it contributes positively to capacity building in this important and topical area of research.
Ahmed Salim Al-Busaidi
(AGR, Soils water and Agriculture Engineering)
Waste management is one of the most crucial challenges for the governments to control the worst impacts in terms of public health, environmental resources and climate change. It is high time for the stakeholders (international and regional agencies, national and local governments, private sectors, community enterprises, and waste generators) to set up proper and integrated waste management system at local and national level. Most of the waste could be converted into a resource with an ultimate goal towards a reduction in the amounts of waste and disposal cost. Waste prevention and minimization is another aspect to reduce the waste management costs and negative impacts on the environment. The system for waste management could be designed based on business model to boost economic activities, to generate employment, promote local businesses and recover materials and energy to further supporting the economic development. However, the success of integrated waste management based on 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) approach depends on the partnerships among all the stakeholders including international agencies, national and local governments, private sector including recyclers, and waste generators. Change in attitudes as well as technical, financial, legal and institutional capacity is vital to support these partnerships and to maximize the effectiveness of the efforts for waste management. A proper strategy for this capacity building and fostering partnerships is the key to turn current vicious circle of waste management into virtuous circle of integrated solid waste management based on 3Rs. This waste management system could also improve the food and energy security. On the one hand, awareness and policies on waste minimization could improve the energy efficiency and reduce wastage of food. On the other hand, by converting waste into compost and bioenergy could increase the agricultural production and reduce the dependency on the imported fertilizer and energy (natural gas). The type and size of solid waste and wastewater managements could be in line with local criteria, as it has been seen that in some places, centralized and big system may work very well, while at other places smaller and decentralized system could be successful. Last but not the least, the economic, environmental and social benefits of waste management could easily surpass its initial costs. We can learn from available experiences from other countries in the areas of policy, institutional set up, financing mechanisms, technology and infrastructure, roles and responsibilities of stakeholders, and political will and awareness. The proposed group will actively pursue research in various aspects of waste management, incorporate their findings in teaching, supervise postgraduate students and attract external funding for research and extension activities.
This research group aims to deeply investigate cognitive functions in human. The cognitive side of human covers areas that include: human perception, attention, consciousness, memory, cognitive processes models, mental images, cognitive maps, organization of knowledge in the mind, and complex cognitive processes. The research group focuses in using theory and applications in creating more understanding of how people in different fields perceive, learn, remember, and think about information. Main focus of this research group is on the information processing model. Plenty of research has been done in this area. However, this area of research received very shallow attention in The Sultanate of Oman. Importantly, the Cognition Research Group: Learning & Application will bridge the gap between research and other fields, such as education, business, labor power, military, national security, health and medicine, and others.
(Communication and Information Research )
Oman, like other GCC countries, is facing important challenges related to population growth, urbanization, economic and financial stretching, water scarcity, environmental issues, traffic and road accidents, etc. Many GCC cities have already started working on projects of being Smart such as Dubai (UAE), and Doha (Qatar). In Oman, the development of smart cities was already framed in the Digital Oman 2018, a National Strategic Plan, and the 2016-2020 five years plan of Oman as a prior project. The 2020 Digital Oman, an updated National Strategic Plan, reinstates the smart cities and aims at making Oman an international digital reference and the ICT an important lever for socio-economics development. The 2020 Digital Oman strategic plan is based on four key components: Infrastructure, e-Government, e-Business and Innovation, of which the innovation is to promote entrepreneurship, help and empower citizens while offering them a better quality of life and economic prosperity. The Ministry of Transport and Communication had already directed initiatives focused on the following objectives. 1. Development of smart cities and the use of advanced technologies (e.g., Internet of Things, Big Data) in order to boost the societal improvement of citizens, through the provision of a range of public sector services, and to foster the economic growth, through the establishment of new industries and fields of business. 2. Development of smart services such as smart energy, smart transportation, smart health, smart education, smart water management, etc. 3. Feasibility study to develop a pilot site as a smart city. The main strategic purposes for developing such pilot site are to study means for increasing the wellbeing of citizens, improving the management of city’s resources, empowering the participation of citizens, engaging them in planning and co-creating smart city services, becoming a business hub that creates new business opportunities and increases global competitiveness, and accelerating the roll-up of smart techno-polis in other cities.
IMPORTANCE OF ESTABLISHING A RESEARCH GROUP IN OMAN Establishing a research group in SQU focusing on issues related to smart cities is aligned with the national strategic plan and complements the Ministry of Transport and Communication initiative mentioned above. Besides, the proposed research group is expected to be pivotal in attracting national and international collaborators working on the concept of smart cities. The collaborations and research outputs that will ensue from the creation of the research group will lead to a better brand in research and higher education. In addition, research activities of the research group will enhance the chances of attracting funding and interactions with eminent national/international research organizations.
It is foreseen that a research group on broader themes of smart cities will help in feeding more vibrant ICT-services development in Oman, develop a hub that brings together researchers from multidisciplinary fields to provide solutions that will improve the wellbeing of the society in Oman and become an umbrella that gathers researchers and industries to solve multidisciplinary problems
- Research Areas: Several ICT cutting-edge technologies are deployed to make the management of city resources more efficient. In the literature, smart city concept is broken down to several domains which combines the functions (domains) of the cities as well as the technology. As functions (or domains), Smart Transport and Mobility are utilizing ICT to make the transportation and the mobility within the city more efficient. Additionally, Smart Energy is applied to monitor and reduce the consumption of energy in the city in order to make it eco-friendlier and green. Furthermore, other smart city domains have been emerging lately like Smart Government, Smart Education and Smart Living. The Smart Cities Research Group (SCRG) is a joint collaborative effort between academic institutions and industry/government partners in Oman. It is a thin organization in the planning and organizing level and its core members are researchers belonging to participating academic institutions in the Sultanate. At the initial stage, researchers from Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) and GUtech University constitute the core human capital of the research group. SQU has experts in smart government, smart utilities and logistics services. Researchers from GUtech are knowledgeable in the areas of Smart transport & mobility as well as cyber physical systems (CPS). It is expected that researchers in the area of smart cities from other academic institutions will join the research group later on. An online presence of the research group, through a professional website is very essential at the early stages. The website will be listing the profile of research group members and some potential projects.
In the short term, SCRG is interested in to work in the following areas:
o Smart city readiness and infrastructure (technologies, policies and regulations);
o Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, applications and services;
o Big Data applications, management, infrastructure and security;
o Smart services provision to the decision makers and citizens;
In the long term, SCRG projects are expected to address any of the following areas: Communication, Transport and Mobility, Energy, Water, Environment, Education, Health, Urban Environment
Mohamed Essa Mohamed
(AGR, Food Science and Nutrition)
Ageing and Dementia Research group (ADRG) is a group of academics working together to increase awareness of devastating brain diseases and find the exact mechanism and cause for Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Traumatic Brain injury, Huntington’s disease, ADHD and Autism. The main aim of ADRG is to train young people (Omanis) in this area of research. Further it aimed to teach them the latest cutting edge technologies in the area of nutritional neuroscience. As a research group, our aims are to promote awareness on Neurological diseases and to do research in these diseases. This group is led by Dr. Mohamed Essa, Associate Professor and co-lead by Prof. Samir Al-Adawi, SQU. Along with that, Dr. Abdullah Al-Asmi from Neuro unit, department of Medicine SQU and Dr. Lyutha Al-Subhi from Nutrition department, SQU. This group was started in 2011 and till now ADRG has published almost 50 papers, 7 books, 5 conferences, 2 walkathons and every year world Alzheimer’s day. ADRG also trained the Masters and PhD students in this area of research. Till now 3 PhD students, 9 master students and 35 bachelors’ students were trained in this area by the members of ADRG.
Mohammed Nasser Al Suqri
(ART, Library and Information Science)
Information systems and Innovation Adoption (ISIA) is a team of expertise on Information Technology (IT) innovation and associated organizational and social changes specifically in Arab context and global context in general. It is a group of research in social, economic and educational dimensions of information technology and digital practices. The members are researchers from the areas of information studies, innovation and management information systems. The research group mainly focuses on the adoption, development, changes, improvement and challenges of the innovation and information technology deployment in particular society. The focused research spans a wide range of empirical and theoretical perspectives that requires collaboration with people in- and outside academia for the mutual benefit of knowledge sharing and helping to solve real-world problems. The group covers several overlapping topics ranges from the practices of the innovation and information technologies to the uses, acceptance and adoption of their related digital practices. Our group is unique in combining questions on technological innovation and long-term societal transitions and aspires to be a leading group in this filed in the university and country level. The group strength lies on members’ relevant social sciences and humanities disciplines such as innovation studies, economic and managing of innovation, information studies and sustainable information technology practices. The group members are able to complete each other both on the level of knowledge domain and on the level of the research methods making it possible to investigate complex contemporary technological practices and its related case studies. Also, the members are able to use
Khamis Mohammed Al Hashmi
The cardiometabolic disorders and atherosclerosis group investigates the clinical characteristics, biomedical markers, genetic ascertainment and physiological aspects of cardiovascular disorders and atherosclerosis with special emphasis on hypercholesterolemia, obesity, diabetes,hypertension , sleep disorders and other components of the metabolic syndrome. In Oman CVD is number one leading cause of mortality and accounts for 33% of all deaths in Oman. Ischemic heart disease is the chief cause of mortality in Oman (15.1% of deaths). The incidence of Acute Coronary Syndrome among Omanis among the highest in the world (crude incidence rate of 338.9 per 100,000 person years).The information relating to these disorders such as the prevalence, risk factors, clinical characteristics, genetic aspects and appropriate management is limited. Therefore, conducting research to explore theses area will help in identifying the risk factors, new tools for risk assessments and new therapeutic approaches for these disorders and planning the appropriate approach and management for prevention and to reduce mortality and morbidity from these disorders that could lead to reduction in health expenditure. The research of the group span both the clinical and translational sciences and could be summarized as: - Research on dyslipidemia like familial hypercholesterolemia, familial hypertriglyceridemia and familial hypoalphalipoproteiniemia. Research studies in this area can includes establishing national registry, estimating the prevalence, determining the clinical characteristic and appropriate criteria for diagnosis, establishing the genetic abnormalities, investigating the effectiveness of available mode of treatment and establishing new modalities of subclinical diagnostic markers and new therapeutic modalities. -Research on Hypertension. It includes estimating the prevalence of different types of hypertension such as white coat hypertension and masked hypertension, determining the clinical characteristics of hypertensive patients, investigating the vascular changes to understand the possible mechanism leading to development of high blood pressure and assessment of rate of adherence to medications. In addition to investigating the association of high blood pressure with sleep disorders - Another avenue explored by the group would be evaluation of cardiovascular risk in women. More women die from heart attacks than men, and heart disease is number one killer of women worldwide. 1 in 3 women die from heart disease; while 1 in 30 die of cancer. This is a result of modern life styles and sedentary behaviors adopted by women where Oman is no exception
Muhammad Salahuddin Khan
(SCI, Chemistry )
Oman has 0.3% of the world’s crude oil reserve, which has started to decline from 2015. This is a matter of serious concern because the energy demand for the rapidly developing Omani society is increasing exponentially. Hence an alternative and sustainable energy is of strategic importance to the Sultanate. Fortunately, Oman with its plentiful sunshine has an ideal environment for solar energy research. Solar energy has emerged as a potential non-contaminating energy source and is the first choice of every researcher in the energy sector. Researchers are working worldwide for the development of solar cell (SC), a smart device for the conversion of sunlight to electrical energy using new generation donor materials as the active component. An equally important strategy in sustainable energy research is to conserve the much-needed energy using organic light emitting diode (OLED), an electronic device to generate light upon the application of potential using organic as well as metal-organic hybrid materials. Energy researchers are working towards the development of high performance OLEDs with a view to replacing high-energy consuming devices. The major focus of the Materials Chemistry Research Group (MCRG) at SQU is the design and development of new generation functional materials for applications in opto-electronic devices such as SCs and OLEDs with a minor focus on the design and synthesis of organic and metal-organic framework (MOF) materials for biomedical applications such as tumor imaging, pharmacological studies, etc.
Materials chemistry constitutes interdisciplinary research dealing with a variety of materials including, but not limited to metals, ceramics, semiconductors, composites and polymers. Among this gigantic family of materials, conjugated organic, organo-metallic, coordination compounds and polymers have attracted a huge community of researchers around the globe as they serve as active materials in various opto-electronic (O-E) devices such as SCs, OLEDs. Research in materials chemistry deals with the design and synthesis of new materials and investigates their structure-property relationships. Chemical characterization, physical measurements and computational studies are used to forge a link between the structures and properties of the new materials. The group leader of the MCRG has a long-standing interest in this area and discovered many fascinating functional materials and their opto-electronic and biomedical applications. These include, but are not limited to, poly-ynes and poly(metalla-ynes), heavy metal ion induced population of triplet excitons, photo-voltaic effect in poly-ynes and poly(metalla-ynes), long-range intermolecular communication in metal-organic systems, lanthanide coordination compounds as active layer in OLEDs, single-component white-OLEDs, etc.
The objectives of the MCRG include: (i) design and synthesis of novel conjugated organometallic and organic polymers and lanthanide coordination compounds for SCs and OLEDs; (ii) design and synthesis of organic and MOF materials for biomedical applications; (ii) development of novel synthetic protocols, superior characterization techniques and processing methods with a view to creating new materials and transforming existing materials to improve their performance for a particular application. This will not only allow the development of new functional materials with intriguing properties and applications for the energy and healthcare sectors, but also develop scientific, research skills and expertise in the Sultanate. This will be achieved by providing training to the graduate students, technical staffs, research assistants, young faculty and developing laboratory and pilot scale materials research facilities in the Department of Chemistry at SQU. The coordinated activities of the MCRG will be directed to establish SQU as a research hub in SC and OLED materials and the developed scientific knowledge will boost Oman’s energy and healthcare sectors as well as the national economy. The group will also endeavor to enhance SQU’s standing and ranking in new materials research internationally by disseminating its research findings in high impact international journals and in major international conferences.
(AGR, Crop Sciences )
Biotic and abiotic stresses negatively influence the crop growth, productivity, and the quality of produce. This research group is aimed to study the plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses and develop integrated strategies for improving the tolerance of crop plants to abiotic stresses. In addition to characterization of local landraces of food and forage crops, for tolerance against biotic (pathogens) and abiotic (salinity, drought, heat, and industrial effluents), the research group will collect the promising genotypes of cereals, food legumes, and forage crops from different parts of the world. The introduced genotypes will also be characterized for tolerance against biotic (pathogens) and abiotic stresses. This will help improve the crop production under less than optimum conditions and enhance the situation of food security in the Sultanate of Oman.
Said Suliman AlDhafri
Like other research groups’ ultimate goal is to enhance the research activities that promote their effective output within SQU and across Oman, this research group also aims to achieve this goal through conducting a number of studies and developing a significant insight into the growing body of research regarding two main issues: Motivation of both learners and teachers and the parenting styles. This group includes one coordinator and five members who are specialists in educational psychology. It is also done in cooperation with the Ministry of Education (MOE). Thus, two members of the group are from MOE while the rest are from SQU. This group lasts for five years (the registration might be renewed for another 5 year-term). It is planned to conduct at least 25 research within the five years. Five research papers are going to be written during the first year as well as organizing a conference at SQU, while five studies will be conducted in each following year. The group is also planning to ask for a funded project from SQU. According to the proposed studies to conduct, different qualitative and quantitative data collection methods are going to be used. As for the qualitative reserach, observation, focus group and individual interviews might be used to obtain the needed data. Questionnaires and experiments are common methods that might be used in conducting quantitative research during the initial five years. It is expected that this research group will have practical benefits not only for the group members (as researchers) through developing their research skills, knowledge, and abilities, but also for the community as a whole. This group has the potential to raise students, teachers, and parents’ awareness of these proposed issues which eagerly hoping to play a key role in promoting the learning outcomes. Additionally, the research activities may help in reviewing and developing the important decisions made by the policy makers at SQU and MOE through taking into account the findings of the studies, conferences, and projects conducted by the research group. Some future steps might be needed in both the short-term and long-term. For example, there might be a need for additional studies, resources, issues, members and funded projects during the initial period of the group research. Moreover, some guidelines and group plans might need to be changed. Some changes of how the findings will be communicated and transferred into actual practices may also occur by adding; for example, a number of workshops, trainings, programs, or competitions that foster the positive impacts of establishing this group research.
(Water Research Center)
Research on the topics related to water resources and management in Oman (and other arid areas) is of paramount importance for the national economy and strategic development in agriculture, urban farming and landscaping, industries, urban supply of potable water and sanitation, urban planning, tourism, and ecosystems, as outlined in Oman Strategy 2040, where virtually all goals and projections are connected to the availability of safe water. The currently available natural water resources in Oman are limiting many development projects, exerting severe stress on farmers, communities, the private sector, and potential international investors. Therefore innovative practically-scientifically-based solutions, technologies, and policies in water and associated sectors are needed for Oman to progress. Among numerous avenues in water sciences and engineering, we selected three focal themes, viz. 1. Managed aquifer recharge and recovery, i.e. a smart and safe storage of freshwater in the subsurface during periods of relative abundance of this water and abstraction of rock-banked water during periods of water deficit or during contingency situations. 2. Efficient irrigation in farms and urban gardening, and Aflaj systems. i.e. thrifty and smart watering of crops and ornamental plants with minimal losses of water by evaporation and/or deep percolation by storing soil water in the root zone and “channeling” this water to the plants’ bodies and, eventually, to the “fruits”. An important system to ensure a sustainable water conveyance at the level of rural communities and catchments is the protection and optimization of the national heritage: a unique Aflaj system of subsurface drainage of infiltrated rainfalls and collection of this water into intelligently designed tunnels and channels 3. Urban hydrology i.e. understanding and a conspicuous design of urban drainage (rainstorm and sewerage) and control of what is becoming a “ticking” bomb” under the feet of citizens of Muscat, Sohar, Salalah and other rapidly growing metropolitan areas in Oman, where waterlogging of urban subsurface infrastructure and wet soils due to rise of shallow water tables are already a daunting problem. The following daunting hydrological problems of arid zone aquifers - vadose zone –soil systems will be studied: a) Replenishment of groundwater resources depleted/deteriorated due to over pumping and seawater intrusion in coastal zones of Oman. b) Combatting/mitigation of water table and piezometric surface rise, waterlogging and secondary salinization of urban areas in Oman. c) Engineering of soil composites as porous substrates on farms, in private home gardens, and landscapes of municipal parks towards increasing water-saving and improving higher water use efficiency. d) Improvement of traditional Aflaj water collection-distribution systems by novel technologies of gauging, flow control, institutional upgrading, water metering and water trade with urban communities. Smart technologies to optimize storage and recovery of subsurface water using engineering (e.g. injection wells, infiltration ponds, horizontal and vertical drains, and abstraction wells) and bioengineering (e.g. planting actively transpiring vegetation in waterlogged areas or – vice versa - utilization of deficit irrigation techniques for crops) methods will be explored. Catchment scale management of water resources, viz. engagement into productive cycles of treated wastewater, irrigation water use efficiency at farm level, will be theoretically studied, tested in pilot projects at SQU labs and Agricultural Experiment Station (AES).
The Stroke Research Group is proposed to excel in research in the field of Stroke, to develop and encourage critical thinking, problem solving, integrative and adaptive approach to alleviate human suffering attributable to Stroke. A major component of the mission of Sultan Qaboos University to excel in ‘research and innovation and community service’ by promoting ‘scientific analysis’ and to ‘participate in development and dissemination of knowledge and interact with national and international communities’. The Stroke Research Group proposes to advance this mission statement in the field of Stroke. This group aims to conduct scientific research into issues of immediate and future importance for alleviating human suffering due to stroke, develop and advance methods of prevention of stroke and explore methods of engaging the community in achieving these aims. The group aims to engage the excellent human potential available in Oman for the above purpose, including departments, individuals and Research groups interested in Cerebrovascular diseases in SQU, other health institutions of Oman as well as students, junior doctors and trainees. The resources for conducting research for this group would be patients with stroke treated at SQU Hospital and other health institutions, Stroke Registries, as well as communities accessed through peripheral health institutions in the country. The resources would also include various investigative methods accessible for study of Stroke through the above mentioned institutions. The initial areas of focus for the group proposes are examining preventive and therapeutic interventions which may significantly enhance outcomes among patients; preventive measures for cerebrovascular disease; exploring disease patterns that are more prevalent in Omani community; and exploring methods of advancing modern, scientific and high-impact interventional methods for stroke deliverable to the community. Engagement of the student community and trainees with a purpose of quality manpower development will be of importance to the group. Also active engagement with the international scientific community in this field will be a focus; this would ensure adapting up-to-date and novel treatment strategies for the Omani community as well as to contribution back to the international community in enhancing knowledge base and experience in the field of stroke
Omar Al Omari
(NC, Fundementals and Administration )
Adolescence is defined as the age period between 10 to 19 years according to WHO’s classification. Youth is also defined as the age period between 15 to 24 years, and it includes the middle and late adolescence. Although most of the Omani population composed of people aged less than 24 years old, there is limited research that investigates the communicable and non-communicable diseases in this population. Neglecting the psychosocial and physical health issues for this group will cast a shadow on their future life and lead to more severe physical, social, psychological, and economic ramifications as well as the future of the coming generations and hence the society in large. Therefore, the research group will explore the health issues related to this age group using various scientific methods (quantitative and qualitative), approaches (surveys, interviews, point prevalence studies, prospective studies, case-control studies, and experimental studies) and instruments (validated and newly constructed instruments). Researchers will inform the decision about the results of their studies and will collaborate with various sectors to develop new educational packages and health policies to improve the quality of life of this vulnerable age group.