The organizational structure for postgraduate studies and research was established when the Deanship of Postgraduate Studies and Research was launched in 1999. The expansion in research activities and postgraduate programs in the University has necessitated further administrative services which were delivered when the Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Postgraduate Studies and Research was created in 2006. Meanwhile, the Deanship of Postgraduate Studies became affiliated to the office. In 2009, the Deanship of Research was formed as an independent entity.
The organizational structure of the Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Postgraduate Studies and Research consists of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Office Director, Office Assistant Director, and six sections: Coordination and Follow-up, Archives and Records, Boards and Committees Affairs, Planning and Development, IT Support, and Editing and Proofreading. The office is concerned with enhancing postgraduate studies & research, overseeing the research centers and chairs, drafting strategic plans, and streamlining the activities of committees and boards supervised by the office and following up the implementation of their recommendations in coordination with the relevant authorities.
The Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Postgraduate Studies and Research chairs three boards: Postgraduate Studies Board, the Research Board, and Academic Publication Board. Affiliated to the office are the Deanship of Postgraduate Studies, the Deanship of Research, and nine Research Centers: Remote Sensing and GIS Center, Omani Studies Center, Environmental Studies and Research Center, Earthquake Monitoring Center, Communication and Information Research Center, Oil and Gas Research Center, Water Research Center, Excellence in Marine Biotechnology Center, and Humanities Research Center,
There are three research chairs in specialized areas in the university: the UNESCO Chair of Marine Biotechnology established in 2003 and housed by the Excellence in Marine Biotechnology Center, Shell Chair of Carbonate Studies established in 2007 and housed by Oil and Gas Research Center, and the Research Council's Chair of Desalination and Nanotechnology.