Citation Guide

Using another writer’s ideas and words in your own work without refer to original work is plagiarism. Writing plagiarism- free work is easy if you know what is citation? How to cite sources?


What is citation?

The citation is a reference technology source of your information. It considers an important element at scholar’s research. There are two types of citations, in-text citation and references or bibliographies list.


Why should I cite my sources? 

  • Academic integrity: knowledge that you build upon the work of others.
  • Citing the work of others shows readers that you know what’s going in your fields.
  • Avoiding of plagiarism.
  • Save time of the researcher and readers, if they want to refer to the source you referenced.


Which citation style should I use?

Note: Use the style is recommended by your professor.

Here are some general citation styles for the discipline for your paper:


The main styles of citation are: 

  • APA (American Psychological Association) for psychology and other social sciences. read more
  • Harvard . read more
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) for literature, arts, and humanities.
  • Chicago (University of Chicago Press)


Note: APA and Harvard styles are followed by Sultan Qaboos University.

How am I going to organize all citations?

Citation manager like Endnote can help you to organize your citations , keep all in one place and make a bibliography list.

Citation Tools
  • Citation Machine
  • EasyBib
  • EndNote
  • JabRef
  • Mendeley
  • PaperPile
  • Papers
  • ReadCube
  • RefWorks
  • Zotero