SQU GARDEN MAP

The Botanic garden at Sultan Qaboos University was the first garden to be developed in Oman and the Arabian Peninsula. It was established mainly for the conservation and characterization of the wild native plants of Oman. In addition, it has been used as a living educational and research material in the university. The garden occupies an area of 5 hectare and divided into 8 different themes. It contains more than 300 species of plant,40% of them are native Omani plants.

The role of Botanic Garden

A Botanic garden is a scientific front, where plants are classified based on the species, family and order to which they belong. The botanic gardens are considered as a reference to the researchers, students and amateur botanists. The role of the botanic garden is:
  1. Plant identification & classification
  2. Cultivation of new plant varieties
  3. Scientific research related to plant, soil and environment
  4. Emphasize the role of the herbarium in the advancement of plant taxonomy and systematics
  5. Conservation of biodiversity and threatened species through seed bank 

 


Botanic Garden Themes

The Botanic garden at Sultan Qaboos University was the first garden to be developed in Oman and the Arabian Peninsula. It was established mainly for the conservation and characterization of the wild native plants of Oman. In addition, it has been used as a living educational and research material in the university. The garden occupies an area of 5 hectare and divided into 8 different themes. It contains more than 300 species of plant, 40% of them are native Omani plants.

1.     ARBORETUM

The Arboretum is collection of trees of the tropic and subtropical from around the world. It also shows native Omani tree species.
 About 7000 known species of trees exist worldwide. Trees are a source for timber, fuel and food  that we use in our everyday lives.
The Arboretum is one way to conserve the trees as they are a renewable natural resource on which we all depend to provide us with food, shade and shelter.

2.     SYSTEMATIC BEDS AREA

The Systematic Beds show the diversity and relationships of the flowering plants. They represent the main groups of flowering plants, which grow in arid and semi- arid regions around the world. The Orders and Families in these beds have been classified based on the latest findings in plant systematic research using the plants DNA to infer the phylogenetic relationships between different families.

3.     DICOTYLEDONS

Dicotyledons are a group of flowering plants with two “cotyledons” or embryonic seed leaves. They are herbaceous or woody plants with well-developed stems. The vascular bundles (in which nutrients and waster are transported) in the dicotyledons are arranged in a circular pattern around the stem. Their leaves usually have stalks and reticulate venation. Their floral parts are usually in fours or fives, or multiples of fours and fives.

4.     SYSTEMATIC BEDS AREA

The Systematic Beds show the diversity and relationships of the flowering plants. They represent the main groups of flowering plants, which grow in arid and semi- arid regions around the world. The Orders and Families in these beds have been classified based on the latest findings in plant systematic research using the plants DNA to infer the phylogenetic relationships between different families.

5.     MONOCOTYLEDONS

Monocotyledons are a group of flowering plants with a single” cotyledon” or embryonic seed leaves. They differ from the dicotyledons in that the vascular bundles (in which nutrients and waster are transported) are scattered all over the stem. They are herbaceous, rarely being woody. Their leaves are usually without stalks and have parallel veins. Their floral parts are usually in threes or multiples of three.

6.     AFRICAN COLLECTION

The African Collection is a special collection of African tree species. Plants from the arid region of the Old World subtropics are displayed. The woodlands of Dhofar are closely related to many African woodlands, as many species from Dhofar show similarities with the flora of northeast Africa.

7.    Plants of Northern Oman

•       The vegetation of Northern Oman can be considered as characteristic of arid lands. The average annual rainfall is usually well below 250 mm per year and occurs irregularly. As in most deserts, there is no soil, and the ground is covered with rocks or sand.
•       Desert plants are adapted to low precipitation and extremes of temperature. Most of the characteristic desert plants have small leaves that are either leathery or are shed during unfavorable seasons.
•       Trees in deserts form open woodland rather than forests. Typical deserts plant includes small Acacia trees and shrubs such as Tamarix and Christ’s thorn (sidr). The Acacia-tree (Acacia tortilis- simr) is one of the most common trees in Oman, distributed on the coastal regions, foothills and plains.
•       Small annual plants appear after rainfall . These germinate rapidly from buried seeds. The seeds can survive in the soil during the long periods of drought, which sometimes extend over many years. The life cycle of such species is short, hence flowering and fruiting is accomplished within a very short period of time.

8.     Plants of Southern Oman (DHOFAR)

Dhofar lies in the Southwest of Oman, and for the most part, consists of sparsely vegetated desert. Limestone Mountains covered in type of vegetation totally unique in Arabia.
For three months every year, from June until mid-September, during the Khareef or South West monsoon, these south-facing escarpments are blanketed in moisture-laden clouds, and are consequently covered for several months in dense woodland.
The diversity of habitats in Dhofar is reflected in a richness of plants species; over 750 species are recorded of which  50 are endemic with 2 endemic genera. Floristically, the plants of Dhofar have strong affinities with the drier regions of tropical North Africa, rather than with Northern Arabia.
 

9.     AQUATIC GARDEN

 
The aquatic garden is located at the center of the botanic garden. it includes three main components: a falaj system, an artifical pond and a bird hide. The falaj demonstrates the traditional irrigation system in Oman, which is still used in some cultivated plantations. The pond is used for educational and research purposes as source of aquatic wildlife. The bird hide is used for research and photography of the birds that find the botanic garden as a perfect destination to cross or land in.