The Petroleum and Chemical Engineering Department (PCED) at Sultan Qaboos University was established in 1986. Considering the country’s development, the department thereafter underwent several transformations. In 2003 a comprehensive self-study led to two independent undergraduate degree programs in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (PNGE) and Chemical and Process Engineering (CHPE). The Bachelor of Engineering programs in both Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (PNGE) and Chemical and Process Engineering (CHPE) are accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, http://www.abet.org. In addition to the Bachelor of Engineering degrees, the Petroleum and Chemical Engineering Department offers Master of Science as well as Doctorate degrees in both PNGE and CHPE Majors. The Department aims at providing a comprehensive state-of-the-art education for its students and thus equipping them with essential skills needed for the challenging highly competitive job market in the Petroleum and Chemical sectors. This is achieved through a progressive sequence of subjects well-tailored to build a deep and sound understanding of the principles of engineering, emphasizing reasoning and engineering application in problem solving. All programs are solidly constructed, with an excellent technology base, to provide sound and internationally acclaimed engineering education. The programs were designed in such a way to allow broad perspective, engendering social, cultural, ethical components, all combined to produce the engineer, who is aware of his/her leading role in the community.